Hypertensive disease – a chronic disease accompanied by a constant increase in blood pressure above the permitted limits (systolic pressure above 140 mm Hg and diastolic pressure above 90 mm Hg).
Hypertensive disease is a widespread epidemic in the world. In many countries more than 50% of people over 60 years of age have high blood pressure, only a third of hypertensive people are undergoing treatment, and about 12% of these people are under medical supervision, about 45% of patients are unaware that they have high blood pressure.
In recent years, the clinical picture of the disease is “getting younger”, cardiologists are increasingly consulting children and adolescents, says Dr. Denis Slinkin.
Dr. Denis Slinkin states that in most cases it is impossible to establish the causes of arterial hypertension. This form of disease (primary or major hypertension) requires the elimination of a risk factor and timely non-medical therapy. In about 10% of cases, hypertension develops against the background of another disease (symptomatic arterial hypertension) or as a side effect when taking certain medications. Kidney diseases and endocrine system pathologies are often the reasons for persistent vascular pressure rise and brain damage development.
Dr. Denis Slinkin has identified such risk factors for arterial hypertension that should be given special attention:
- salt intake in large quantities (excess sodium promotes arterial spasm, traps fluid in the body); Confirm you are NOT a spammer Confirm you are NOT a spammer
- bad habits (smoking, excessive consumption of alcohol increases the risk of disease);
- heredity (in the presence of hypertension in two or more first-line relatives, the probability of diagnosing hypertension increases significantly);
- atherosclerosis (cholesterol metabolism disorder reduces arterial elasticity, which narrows the vascular lumen and increases blood pressure);
- increased psycho-emotional stress, frequent stress (release of adrenaline in the blood increases blood pressure, which causes blood vessels to wear out, high blood pressure becomes chronic);
- lack of physical activity (lack of physical activity slows down metabolism, weakens the body’s nervous system).